Post-Development and points of criticism This article belongs to a special series focused on post-development issues which was created in co-operation with the University of Vienna.
Reader-response criticism arose as a critical theory in response to formalist interpretations of literature.
Unlike the latter, which stressed the primacy of the text and an objective interpretation of it based on established criteria, advocates of reader-response criticism focused on the importance of the reader and their individual, subjective response to the text.
In addition to Rosenblatt, other influential reader-response critics include Stanley Fish and Wolfgang Iser, both of whom argued against regarding literary works as objects.
In his essay on reader-response criticism, Steven Mailloux explains that Fish, Iser, and other reader-response Poststructuralism paper essay actually had very different approaches to the critical study of literary texts.
Wimsatt and Monroe C.
Beardsley in an influential essay in During the late s and s, reader-response criticism, influenced in part by trends in other disciplines, especially psychology and psychoanalytical theories, expanded to include a study of the reader as subject, a combination of various social practices, defined and positioned socially by his or her environment.
This shift from the relationship between reader and text, and their mutual impact, to a focus on self-knowledge and observation has been summarized in anthologies, including Jane Tompkins's Reader-Response Criticism: From Formalism to Poststructuralism Recent works by critics including David Bleich, Normal Holland, and even Stanley Fish, have also expanded the focus of reader-response theory to include the validity and significance of interpretations guided by the environments or communities inhabited by the readers.
This is a departure from their earlier-held position, which emphasized the primacy of the relationship between reader and text, regardless of environment.
In his study of the history of reader-response criticism, Terence R. Wright explains that while the field has expanded its boundaries to include numerous approaches, the concern reader-response critics have with the act of reading remains constant.
What has changed is the awareness these theorists now have of the ways in which environment, history, politics, and even sexual orientation, can affect a reader's response to a text. This expansion of criteria has led many contemporary critics to refer to this type of critical theory as reader-oriented criticism rather than reader-response criticism.Post structuralism Essays: Over , Post structuralism Essays, Post structuralism Term Papers, Post structuralism Research Paper, Book Reports.
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Post-Structuralism Research Papers Post-Structuralism term papers discuss the term coined by American academics to describe the school of thought of several French philosophers who came to prominence during the s and s.
- Structuralism Structuralism is a mode of thinking and a method of analysis practiced in 20th-century social sciences and humanities; it focuses on recurring patterns of thought and behaviour – it seeks to analyse social relationships in terms of highly abstract relational structures.